Web page for IU Compiler Course for Fall 2020
View the Project on GitHub IUCompilerCourse/IU-P423-P523-E313-E513-Fall-2020
Indiana University, Fall 2020
High-level programming languages like Racket make it easier to program relative to low-level languages such as x86 assembly code. But how do high-level languages work? There’s a big gap between Racket and machine instructions for modern computers. In this class you learn how to translate Racket programs (a dialect of Scheme) all the way to x86 assembly language.
Traditionally, compiler courses teach one phase of the compiler at a time, such as parsing, semantic analysis, and register allocation. The problem with that approach is it is difficult to understand how the whole compiler fits together and why each phase is designed the way it is. Instead, each week we implement a successively larger subset of the Racket language. The very first subset is a tiny language of integer arithmetic, and by the time we are done the language includes first-class functions.
Prerequisites: B521 or C311. Fluency in Racket is highly recommended as students will do a lot of programming in Racket. Prior knowledge of an assembly language helps, but is not required.
Textbook: The notes for the course are available here. If you have suggestions for improvement, please either send an email to Jeremy or, even better, make edits to a branch of the book and perform a pull request. The book is at the following location on github:
Lecture: Tuesday and Thursday, 3:15pm to 4:30pm, on Zoom Meeting ID 950 3713 8921. (See the Piazza announcement for the password.)
Lecture Notes and Recordings:
August 25 Notes, Video: Introduction, Concrete and Abstract Syntax, Racket Structures, Grammars,
August 27 Notes, Video: Interpreters, Compiler Correctness, R1 Language, x86
September 1 Notes, Video: Uniquify, Remove Complex Operands, Explicate Control
September 3 Notes, Video: Select Instructions, Assign Homes, Path Instructions, Print x86
September 8 Notes, Video: Code review of compiling integers and variables.
September 10 Notes, Video: Register Allocation (Liveness Analysis, Build Interference Graph)
September 15 Notes, Video: Register Allocation (Graph Coloring)
September 22 Notes, Video: Code review of register allocation.
September 24 Notes, Video: More x86, Explicate Control with Branching.
September 29 Notes, Video: Impact of branching on instruction selection and register allocation. Challenge: optmizing and removing jumps.
October 1 Notes, Video: Garbage Collection: 2-space Copy Collector
October 6 Notes, Video: Code review of booleans and control flow
October 8 Notes, Video: Tuples and Garbage Collection: the Compiler Passes
October 20 Notes, Video: Compiling Functions, Examples, Start of Lambda
October 27 Notes, Video: Code Review of Tuple & Garbage Collection
October 29 Notes, Video: Closure Conversion, The Compiler Pass
November 19 Notes, Video: Compiling Loops and Liveness Analysis via Dataflow
December 3: Review of Dynamic Typing (see notes for Nov. 3 and 5)
Jeremy Siek (jsiek): Tuesdays and Thursdays 4:30-5:30pm. Zoom Meeting ID: 949 1594 8290.
Caner Derici (cderici): Mondays 11am-12pm, Wednesdays 11am-12pm. Zoom Meeting ID: 774 5516 2736.
Static type checking
Conditional control flow
Procedures and calling conventions
First-class functions and closure conversion
High-level optimization (inlining, constant folding, copy propagation, etc.)
Course grades are based on the following items. For the weighting, see the Canvas panel on the right-hand side of this web page. Grading will take into account any technology problems that arrise, i.e., you won’t fail the class because your internet went out.
Organize into teams of 2-4 students. Assignments will be due bi-weekly on Mondays at 11:59pm. Teams that include one or more graduate students are required to complete the challenge exercises.
Assignment descriptions are posted on Canvas. Turn in your assignments by creating a github repository and giving access to Jeremy (jsiek) and Caner (cderici).
Assignments will be graded based on how many test cases they succeed on. Partial credit will be given for each “pass” of the compiler. Some of the tests are in the public support code (see Resources below) and the rest of the tests will be made available on Sunday night, one day prior to the due date. The testing will be done on the linux machine kj.luddy.indiana.edu named after Katherine Johnson of NASA fame. The testing will include both new tests and all of the tests from prior assignments.
You may request feedback on your assignments prior to the due date. Just commit your work to github and send us email.
Students are responsible for understanding the entire assignment and all of the code that their team produces. The midterm and final exam are designed to test a student’s understanding of the assignments.
Students are free to discuss and get help on the assignments from anyone or anywhere. When posting questions on Piazza, it is OK to post your code.
In contrast, for quizzes and exams, students are asked to work alone. The quizzes and exams are closed book. We will be using Respondus Monitor for online proctoring.
The Final Project is due Dec. 4 and may be turned in late up to Dec. 11.
Late assignment policy: Assignments may be turned in up to one week late with a penalty of 10%.
Email Discussion Group: on Piazza
Slack Chat/Messaging: Workspace (see invitation link on Piazza or signup using your iu email address).
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